Wednesday, July 1, The Battle of Gettysburgh commenced to-day. We opened the fight with 2 brigades of cavalry and a few pieces of artillery.
The enemy shelled us out of our positions we fell back to the town when the infantry moved up. When we captured prisoners; shelled severally by our own battery; we lost a few men. Thursday, July 2, Went out scouting our squadron ; came in right of the Rebs and then marched back. The fighting commenced early again. Some bloody work done to-day. How many that was a live and full of life this morning now sleep the sleep of death. Left the field and went to Tannytown; out of rations. Friday, July 3, The fight commenced with terrible canonading early this morning. Some fearful work done to-day.
Left Taneytown and went to Westminster. The Rebel prisoners coming in by the s. Saturday, July 4, Vicksburgh Surendered.
Sent a letter to John Inglis and Crawford deserted. Left here and went to Fredrickb[urg]. The Rebels in full retreat. They suffered very heavy. Our loss prety severe. When the war began he was serving an apprenticeship in dentistry in Cambridge. He enlisted in the army on August 8, , to serve three years. Sunday morning, July 12, I saw Dewitt Perine yesterday … He was in fight at Gettysburgh.
Says it was the hardest he ever saw. I suppose you have heard that Otis Billings was killed and buried on the battle ground. We had in our Regt.
My Days and Nights on the Battle-field: A Book for Boys
Weir of Hebron Co. Had to be amputated. The Rebels lost a good many men there at Gettysburgh. I was over the battlefield the 4th.
Our men were burying the dead, put 15 or 20 in one grave or rather hole. Our men were buried separately, and head boards put up with names on. In the afternoon of the 4th we had a hard thunder storm. I did not get wet through as those did who had no overcoats to put on. Smith, James M. New York State Library call number: James M. Smith lived in Skaneateles at the start of the war. Wounded at Gettysburg, Smith was hospitalized at least through November 23; a letter to his brother on December 26 was written from Lookout Valley, Tennessee.
The Battle of the Pelennor Fields was a battle for the city of Minas Tirith , and ultimately for Gondor , immediately following a large-scale siege of Minas Tirith by Sauron's army. It was the greatest battle of the War of the Ring , and indeed the largest of the entire Third Age.
On the morning of March 10 , , the " Dawnless Day " began. Sauron sent forth a large mass of dark and foul clouds to cover the lands of Gondor Possibly parts of Rohan as well, though it is never indicated in the book or the movie. Sauron's purpose was to spread fear and uncertainty among his enemies, as well as to aid his dark servants; it was said that dread was one of his greatest weapons. On March 14 , , the Siege of Gondor began, and on the morning of March 15 , the Army of Rohan arrived with riders.
While this was not enough for a decisive turn of the battle, it held the enemy off until the Umbar ships arrived, carrying, instead of corsairs: Aragorn and Halbarad , Gimli and Legolas , the Sons of Elrond, and the rest of the Grey Company. The War of the Ring was declared on June 20 , when the forces of Mordor attacked the city of Osgiliath ; however, the son of steward Denethor II drove the enemy to the east bank of the river and destroyed the great bridge of the city.
Nine months passed after the skirmish in Osgiliath when Sauron's ally, Saruman of Many Colours , sent forth a large army to destroy the people of Rohan. They were, however, defeated by the forces of the Rohirrim in the Battle of the Hornburg. He decided to release his long-prepared army in hopes of annihilating his greatest enemy, Gondor.
Due to the threat of a huge fleet of Corsair warships gathering in Umbar, the allied forces of Gondor sent far fewer people to aid them than expected in preparation of invasion from the sea. Nay, this is no weather of the world. This is some device of his malice, some broil of fume from the Mountain of Fire that he sends to darken hearts and council. This is the day which is called the " Dawnless Day ". A large cloud from Mordor silently crept over the lands of Rohan and Gondor, covering the sunlight and preventing it from penetrating the clouds. Sauron's purpose was to instill fear amongst the Army of the West, and also to ease the passing of his minions.
The purpose was two-fold: to prevent the Rohirrim from entering Anorien , and at the same time to guard the northern regions of Gondor. When they arrived, they saw a red flash emanating from beyond the eastern mountains- probably from Orodruin-, which was answered by lightning and blue flame issuing from Minas Morgul and the surrounding hills. The Witch-king of Angmar emerged from the city on a black horse , accompanied by an army stated to be larger than any that departed from the vale since the time of Isildur.
This was the smaller of Sauron the Great's forces; the larger host issuing forth from the Black Gate. They have paid dear for the crossing, but less dearly than we hoped. After giving a report to Denethor, he left on March 11 to command the garrison. That night, they were attacked. On March 12, Faramir retreated to the Causeway Forts. Once there, he did his best to hold the rearguard, lest the retreat turn into a rout. However, he was wounded on the approach back to Minas Tirith by a foul dart of the enemy. Upon arriving at the city, the enemy sprawled before the greatest of all walls.
They quickly put up siege equipment and dug trenches. Wasting almost no time, the siege began, eventually breaching the wall of the city- the Rammas Echor. The wall, built in the days of the splendor of the men of the west, was thought to be impregnable.
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The siege engines of the enemy, while not penetrating it, were able to launch incendiary missiles into the lower city, setting it ablaze. The great gates of Minas Tirith were not to be underestimated, and after prolonged failure, the enemy brought out a great and terrible battering ram , called Grond in homage to the Hammer of the Underworld , the weapon of Sauron's master, Morgoth. A large force was sent to guard the northern roads against possible reinforcements from Rohan.
It put trenches and stakes on the road, enough to halt any charge. Denethor was distraught, and refused to lead the people, as he thought the entire city was to be destroyed, and Faramir was doomed to die. He apathetically refused to give any command, saying it was pointless to even try. This resulted in Gandalf commanding the defenders. Thousands of Orcs and hundreds of soldiers of Gondor were killed during a prolonged crossfire. Large siege towers rolled onwards to the walls, but were mainly a distraction and a test of Gondor's strength. The main assault was launched against the Gate - the only vulnerable point in the wall.
Thus, the Enemy began using Grond, a battering weapon a hundred feet in length, drawn by great beasts and wielded by hordes of Mountain-trolls. The might of the great weapon was truly shown, as it only took three strikes to obliterate the gate. At this exact moment, the horns of the Rohirrim sounded, forcing the Witch-king to leave to confront this new foe. After recovery from his ankle injury he found employment in the engineering division of the Northern Railroad , and on February 18, , he married Sally Russell Farmer. Although childless, the marriage was a happy one lasting 50 years.
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Charles' active mind soon led him to become interested in the relatively new field of electricity and to work on a power line between Boston and Cambridge. At the behest of Sally's father, Charles played a major role in the construction of an electronically transmitted fire alarm system.
This was followed by a major change in vocation. Feeling that there was a public interest in concise news and opinion statements rather than long, formal editorials, Charles obtained employment with the Boston Journal newspaper. This led to another milestone in his life after Charles and Sally visited the Saratoga battlefield in Charles' grandfather had fought in this Revolutionary War battle in , and the visit led Charles to reconstruct in his mind the positions and maneuvering of those who had participated.
This interest would have a direct effect on his later reporting during the Civil War. Shortly before this, Charles had visited Washington, D. While in Illinois, this new interest in politics led Charles to attend the Republican National Convention of which was held in Chicago. After the convention Charles was a member of the group that travelled from Chicago to Springfield to advise Abraham Lincoln that he had won the party's nomination for the presidency.
In his job as a newspaper reporter, he went on to cover the election campaign and was in Washington to cover Lincoln's inauguration in March Long opposed to slavery and secession , there would be no question of Charles Coffin's loyalty to the Union cause but, due to the old ankle injury, military service which demanded long marches was not an option.
It was Massachusetts Senator Henry Wilson who suggested to Charles that his eye for detail and his command of language would make him an ideal person to cover the war as a correspondent. On his own, and not employed by any specific newspaper, Coffin began visiting the army camps and fortifications around Washington and sending reports to a variety of newspapers. The reports included "human interest" stories obtained through interviews with military personnel ranging from newly enlisted privates to generals. The first major engagement between the Union and Confederate armies was the battle of Bull Run or Manassas , as it was called in the South only a few miles out of Washington.
Battle of Agincourt - HISTORY
He worked alone, without assistants, and was frequently the first to get reports from the war's battlefields to the media. He was present at, or immediately after, most of the major battles in the eastern theater, including those of Antietam and Gettysburg. He was the first to break the story of the Battle of the Wilderness , and was to become the only news correspondent to serve throughout the entire war—from before the battle of Bull Run, through Lee 's surrender at Appomattox.